The Role of Cryptocurrency in the Israel-Hamas Conflict

In an era where digital currencies are revolutionizing financial systems worldwide, their significance becomes even more pronounced in regions marked by political tensions. The Israel-Palestine conflict, a long-standing geopolitical issue, is one region where the impact of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash is increasingly evident. These digital currencies are not just transforming economic transactions but are also emerging as a new frontier in the conflict. This blog aims to delve into the role and implications of cryptocurrencies in the Israel-Palestine conflict.

Understanding the Israel-Palestine Conflict

The Israel-Palestine conflict is a complex and long-standing geopolitical conflict, dating back to the late 19th century, rooted in the Zionist movement’s efforts to establish a permanent Jewish homeland in Palestine. 

In 1917, the British government issued the Balfour Declaration, endorsing the idea of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, which led to an influx of Jewish immigrants to the region. Following World War II and the Holocaust, international pressure mounted to establish a Jewish state in Palestine, leading to the creation of Israel in 1948.

The creation of Israel in 1948 led to a war and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who became refugees. This event, known as the Nakba or “catastrophe,” remains a traumatic event at the heart of modern Palestinian history.

Despite numerous peace negotiations, a lasting agreement has remained elusive due to disputes over land, borders, security, political control, and the status of refugees. Today, Palestinians seek an independent state in historic Palestine.

The Role of Cryptocurrency in Conflict Zones

Cryptocurrencies in conflict zones like Israel and Palestine offer several advantages and use cases. They provide an alternative financial system that is decentralized and relatively anonymous. This can be particularly useful in regions where traditional banking systems may be inaccessible or heavily monitored.

People in major conflict zones are turning to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin as soaring values, and the backing of super-rich investors makes them more attractive. Online searches for Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Dogecoin have increased in Libya, Syria, and Palestine. Users have also considered them a way to borrow when banks have become reluctant to lend money. 

Cryptocurrencies can offer solutions to several critical problems:

  • Hedge against severe currency depreciation.
  • Help move money abroad in sanctioned countries.
  • Bypass restrictions on currency movement abroad.
  • Transactions made with cryptocurrencies can be anonymous.
  • Used for fundraising efforts. 
  • Provide financial services to people who are unbanked or underbanked.

Fundraising and Donations

Cryptocurrencies have emerged as a significant tool for fundraising in the Israel-Palestine conflict. Both sides have leveraged the decentralized and relatively anonymous nature of cryptocurrencies for their fundraising efforts.

  • These donations have provided free medical care and other essential services to Palestinian youth.
  • Hamas, which controls the Palestinian territory of the Gaza Strip, has reportedly been using Bitcoin for fundraising.
  • According to crypto analytics and software firm BitOK, Hamas received $41 million between August 2021 and June 2023. 
  • The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), whose militants joined Hamas in carrying out the attack, received another $93 million in cryptocurrencies. 
  • The al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, have also received millions of dollars in cryptocurrency transfers.
  • In collaboration with Binance, Israeli authorities have frozen multiple cryptocurrency accounts linked to Hamas.
  • There have also been reports of cybercriminals exploiting the Israel-Hamas conflict to spread crypto fundraising scams on social media platforms.

The Challenges and Controversies 

Regulatory challenges and concerns associated with cryptocurrency in conflict zones are multifaceted and complex. Here are the key challenges and controversies associated with cryptocurrency in conflict zones: 

  • High risk of theft and market volatility.
  • Unclear if crypto-assets fall within regulatory jurisdiction.
  • Potential disruption to public policy.
  • High risk of financial crime in conflict zones.
  • Crypto can be used to evade sanctions and currency restrictions.
  • Difficulty in achieving globally coordinated crypto regulations.


The role of cryptocurrency in the Israel-Palestine conflict underscores its potential and pitfalls. It’s a beacon of economic resilience amidst political unrest, yet it’s also a tool that can be misused. As digital currencies evolve, their impact on regions like Israel and Palestine will be an area to watch. The challenges and controversies associated with cryptocurrency in conflict zones are multifaceted and complex, highlighting the need for consumer protection, regulatory jurisdiction, geopolitical stability, prevention of financial crimes, sanctions, currency controls, and global coordination. 

Despite these challenges, the potential benefits of cryptocurrencies must be noticed. As we move forward, striking a balance between leveraging benefits and mitigating risks becomes crucial. The future of regions like Israel and Palestine in the crypto era is an unfolding narrative that warrants our attention.

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